TT99 banner

Wall 16

This wall, the best preserved one in the tomb, shows two sets of rites before Senneferi and his wife Taiamu, at the very left. Click on the pictures below to see larger versions, or click on the caption to see the descriptive text below.

All photographs © Anthony Middleton 2000


The top of the head of Senneferi is at the right, and the upper part of the face and head of Taiamu at the left.

"iry pat, haty-a, sedjawty bity, the sole companion, the one who loves the king, the one favoured of the king of Lower Egypt for the greatness of his excellence within, the overseer of the seal bearers, Sennefer, true of voice."

"His sister, his beloved, his delight, the mistress of the house, Taiamu, true of voice."

Senneferi's titles iry pat, haty-a, sedjawty bity are very difficult to translate; the first two indicate a sort of court rank, and you will often find them translated as 'hereditary noble' and 'count'. The first literally means 'one who is over the nobility', and the second, 'foremost of arm'; they mark the highest level of rank among officials, not just in the 18th dynasty, but at least as far back as the Old Kingdom.

A drawing of part of the left of this scene will be found below; click on the drawing below to see the full text:

A priest is pouring a libation over the couple. The texts relating to his activity read:

"Creating the opening of the mouth in the house of gold. Words spoken:

'The Osiris, the overseer of the seal Sennefer, true of voice: your purification is the purification of Horus, the purification of Horus is your purification; your purification is the purification of Seth, the purification of Seth is your purification; your purification is the purification of Thoth, (the purification of Thoth) is your purification; your purification is the purification of dwn-anwy, the purification of dwn-anwy is your purification, the Osiris, the overseer of seal-bearers, Sennefer, true of voice. Take to yourself your head, unite your bones to yourself in the sight of Geb and Thoth. Make him a complete person, Atum my father: the Osiris, the overseer of the seal Senneferi'."

This suggests that this particular episode is a very abbreviated form of part of the Opening of the Mouth ritual.


The priest at the right in the image is making a hetep di nezut offering to the couple, consisting of a table of food and bread, with an idealised offering list of 22 elements above.

In the centre Below it are the tops of loaves of yellow bread on another offering table. The short offering list contains the basic items necessary for the provision of the deceased.

The formula spoken by the priest is translated as follows:

"An offering which the king gives to Anubis, Geb, Osiris, the Great Ennead, the Little Ennead, the two shrines of Upper and Lower Egypt, (being) a thousand portions of bread and beer, a thousand portions of oxen and fowl, a thousand portions of [alabaster and clothing], a thousand portions of incense and oil, a thousand portions of every perfect and pure thing, a thousand portions of every perfect and sweet thing which the sky gives and the earth creates and which Hapy brings, as an 'offering which the king gives' [for the gods], as an invocation offering for the transfigured dead, arms that they may give, the inundation that it may purify, Thoth that he may offer, (may everything be) pure twice over for the Osiris, the overseer of seal-bearers, Sen[nefer], and his sister, his beloved, the lady of the house, Ta[iamu]."

Right upper

The right hand end of this wall was divided into four sub-registers, two of which survive reasonably well and are illustrated here. The top one shows a row of men and women carrying ceramic or stone (or imitation stone) vessels and lotuses. The lower register shows parts of an Opening of the Mouth scene, composed of a series of episodes showing priests undertaking the various rites before the mummy, though to be part of what was necessary to ensure the revivification of the dead body. This example is poorly preserved; the best example is found in the nearby tourist tomb of Rekhmire (TT100).

Right lower

The scenes on the wall below those just described would have been extensive and extended to about 50 cm above the floor, but only fragments remain. They seem to show either a continuation of the Opening of the Mouth scene, or perhaps further offering bearers.

© Nigel Strudwick 1997-2018